A crisis has developed recently in Kashmir, the fragile region divided between Indian and Pakistan. After Pakistan-based militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility for a terrorist attack in Pulwama, a town in the Indian-administered part of Kashmir, tensions escalated between the India and Pakistan. In retaliation to the attack, Indian jets crossed the "line of control” for the first time since 1971, leading Pakistan to shoot down two Indian jets and capture both their pilots. Such actions have provoked Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s inflammatory rhetoric towards Pakistan, which he is using as a political strategy ahead of India’s upcoming elections. Although the tensions have de-escalated since Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan returned the two Indian pilots to India as a gesture for peace, they have not disappeared. William Kerslake and Tom Shacklock unpack the political factors and outcomes of this standoff between the two countries, talking to Dr Andrew Wyatt, specialist in Indian and South Asian politics at the University of Bristol.